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The culture is identified by the distinctive Clovis point, a flaked flint spear-point with a notched flute, by which it was inserted into a shaft.
Dating of Clovis materials has been by association with animal bones and by the use of carbon dating methods. Numerous Paleoindian cultures occupied North America, with some restricted to the Great Plains and Great Lakes of the modern United States of America and Canada, as well as adjacent areas to the west and southwest.
These were complex nomadic cultures based on using horses and traveling seasonally to hunt bison. agents encouraged Native Americans to adopt European-style farming and similar pursuits, but the lands were often too poor to support such uses.
They carried out strong resistance to American incursions in the decades after the American Civil War, in a series of "Indian Wars", which were frequent up until the 1890s. forced a series of treaties and land cessions by the tribes, and established reservations for them in many western states. Contemporary Native Americans today have a unique relationship with the United States because they may be members of nations, tribes, or bands of Native Americans who have sovereignty or independence from the government of the United States. citizens were granted citizenship in 1924 by the Congress of the United States.
During the 19th century, the ideology of Manifest destiny became integral to the American nationalist movement. Congress passed the Indian Removal Act, authorizing the government to relocate most Native Americans of the Deep South east of the Mississippi River from their homelands to accommodate European-American expansion from the United States.
Expansion of European-American populations after the American Revolution resulted in increasing pressure on Native American lands, warfare between the groups, and rising tensions. Government officials thought that by decreasing the conflict between the groups, they could also help the Indians survive.
The differences in culture between the established native Americans and immigrant Europeans, as well as shifting alliances among different nations of each culture, caused a great deal of political tension and ethnic violence.
According to the still-debated Settlement of the Americas, a migration of humans from Eurasia to the Americas took place via Beringia, a land bridge which formerly connected the two continents across what is now the Bering Strait.
In the last 500 years, Afro-Eurasian migration to the Americas has led to centuries of conflict and adjustment between Old and New World societies.
Most of the written historical record about Native Americans was made by Europeans after their immigration to the Americas.
The culture received its name from artifacts found near Clovis, New Mexico; the first evidence of this tool complex was excavated in 1932.
The Clovis culture ranged over much of North America and also appeared in South America.
Pearl Harbor was allowed to happen - Theorists believe that President Franklin Roosevelt provoked the Japanese attack on the U. naval base in Hawaii in December 1941, knew about it in advance and covered up his failure to warn his fleet commanders.